Black Pepper, Kali mirch,Piper nigrum, white pepper, green pepper, peppercorn, Madagascar pepper, pippali,milagu.Black pepper is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning. When dried, the fruit is known as a peppercorn.
PLANTING AND CARE
plant care may require a bit of effort, but the results are well worth the work. Not all plants are fragrant, but the most common and hardy do produce a sweet, carrying fragrance. Common is a vine and has larger glossy green leaves than Royal. Both can survive in temperate climates if they are planted in a sheltered area.
CARING FOR LONG PEPPER
plant care is not difficult but does require vigilance.
The vines need to be trained early when they are young.
You may use plant ties or just weave them through trellis sections.
Fertilize the plant in spring just before new growth appears.
Pinch off the tips of the vines in the second year to promote branching which will fill the trellis with bushy growth.
Peppercorns can sometimes be harvested starting about one year after planting, but most will take 3 to 4 years to develop. First, flowers will appear throughout the spring and summer.
Fruit will begin to form shortly after in clusters. They will ripen from green to red and can be harvested at these different stages.