Ixora coccinea is a species of flowering plant in the Rubiaceae family. It is a common flowering shrub native to Southern India, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka. It has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes. It is the national flower of Suriname.
Ixora coccinea is a low-growing tropical shrub notable for its bright coloured flowers which are composed of many small blooms massed together into dense, flat-topped flower heads. Ixora coccinea is one of the few Ixora species that make good indoor plants along with several kinds developed from it. It takes up to five years for Ixora coccinea to grow to its maximum height of about 1.2 m (4 feet). It is a much-branching shrub, with leathery, shiny, pointed oblong leaves up to 10 cm (4 inch) long and 5 cm (2 inch) wide arranged in pairs or whorls of three or more in 1-2 cm (0.4-0.8 inch) long stalks. Leaf colour is dark green, often bronzish when the leaves are new. Tubular flowers, which are up to 5 cm (2 inch) long and fiery red, open at the month into four petals arranged in the form of a cross about a centimetre (0.4 inch) wide. The entire flower head has a diameter of 8-12 cm (3-5 inch). Normal flowering period is summer, but occasional flowers also appear in the autumn.
Various kind of Ixora which have Ixora coccinea as a parent produce differently coloured blooms, chiefly in shade of orange, yellow and pink, as well as red.
It is primarily ornamental plant. Cut specimens are long lasting and are often used in floral arrangements. It is sometimes used as a hedge. In tropical Asia the flowers, bark and leaves of this plant are used in traditional medicine. It is used for accent plants in planters and as an indoor potted plant. This species may also be shaped into bonsais.